What is the relationship between Peace, Earth and Climate Change?
On December 11, the Peace, Land and Climate Change Forum was held, organized by Semana Sostenible, Climate Focus, Transforma and supported by the German government. Event in which representatives of public institutions and national and international experts analyzed the relationship between the implementation of the Peace Agreement, the high inequality in the concentration of rural properties, deforestation and climate change, in which BIOFIX CONSULTORIA participated as an assistant.
Among the figures released, it stands out that 81% of rural lands in the country are concentrated in 1% of the largest farms (> 1000 ha), in which 87% are destined to pasture for livestock and so only 13% to agricultural activities.
A phenomenon that is directly related to the drivers of deforestation defined by the Ministry of the Environment in 2018, in which more than half of the deforested annual hectares are associated with land ownership, since 45% is due to hoarding and 8% to extensive livestock.
Similarly, the difficulties generated by the territorial control exercised by the regional elites were evaluated; the lack of corroboration on the legality of the properties by the registration entities; inaccuracies in the boundaries of the trails and property; the low degree of implementation of the first point of the Peace Agreement, regarding the Comprehensive Rural Reform, the restitution and formalization processes; the availability of resources of the territorial entities to carry out reforestation and monitoring processes; the discrepancies between public entities at different scales and the cultural constructions that have arisen around deforestation as a subsistence alternative for communities.
Finally, among the innumerable challenges that the country has in this matter, the following stood out: the need to complete the planning and start the implementation of the national multipurpose cadastre, the importance of deepening planning with a territorial approach under horizontal participatory models, incorporating strategies to address hoarding within national climate change policies and in the methodologies or projects to be implemented, as well as restructuring economic instruments such as the rural property tax to contain hoarding and promote the activation of unproductive lands.
As well as, start the reconstruction of the socio-ecological memory of the territories, understanding the environment as a victim of the conflict (consideration made by the JEP), establishing ambitious goals for the control of deforestation and including them within the priority themes of the agenda government policy and finally seek productive and local development alternatives associated with green businesses or conservation projects (such as REDD +) that can finance and provide technical support in the joint construction of the territory, the strengthening of peace and adaptation to climate change .