How are REDD + projects aligned with the SDGs?
December 2019. Nearly five years have passed since the adoption of the global objectives was made to ensure the social and economic growth of world populations, seeking harmonization with ecological dynamics and the need in environmental matters that day by day, with greater sense of urgency, on the planet they express themselves. 17 were the proposed objectives, from a multidisciplinary and integrated point of view, disaggregated into 169 goals that hope to reduce poverty rates by 2030, improve living conditions, favor equity and the communities' access to the satisfaction of their needs and the protection of their fundamental rights.
In the country, the fulfillment of the goals advances at a slow pace, it requires the state commitment both in the formulation of public policies adapted to local realities, as well as in the budgetary allocation of the territorial entities, in the same way, the participation of the private sector in offering solutions or services that promote the dynamization of the process.
BIOFIX has been working for some years in the consolidation of forest conservation projects under the REDD + model in ethnic communities in the departments of Chocó, Valle del Cauca, Vichada, Guainía and Guaviare; populations that under their territorial reality carry out an identification of priority needs, which in turn allow establishing lines of action that are transversal to all territories, as well as specific lines aimed at fulfilling their Ethno-development Plans or the projection of joint development.
ines that from their formulation contemplate the alignment with most of the SDGs, starting from the basis that interventions in one area contribute to the result of another, thus pointing to the objectives (1) End of poverty, (2) Zero hunger, and (12) Responsible production and consumption, by executing actions aimed at the production of native foods and the necessary linkage to guarantee the food security of the populations and the opening of opportunities in various green agrosilvopastoral, ecotourism and use of non-forest resources businesses. timber, with the purpose of obtaining an economic benefit that supports family maintenance and does not jeopardize the availability and quality of the resources they have in the long term.
Regarding the objective (4) Quality education, it aims to promote actions that tend to improve the conditions in which children and young people access school training and become participants in the process of construction of cultural identity, appropriation of knowledge and ancestral traditions, in the same way, in which access to literacy and training processes is guaranteed for the population of productive age that are aimed at generating synergy within the community and diverse economic alternatives.
It is worth highlighting the contribution to objective (5) Gender equality, by including within the key activities to strengthen governance and productivity, the strengthening of the capacities of leadership, participation, association, empowerment and entrepreneurship of indigenous and Afro-Colombian women in the interior. their communities, seen as an alternative development perspective.
Similarly, it cooperates with the objectives (3) Health and well-being, (6) Clean water and sanitation, and (7) Affordable and non-polluting energy, by providing solutions for the improvement and provision of housing, community equipment and infrastructure of public services with appropriate technologies in renewable energies, eco-efficiency in cooking , supply of drinking water and by prioritizing prevention and health promotion programs harmonized with the ancestral medicine of the peoples.
At the same time, it should be noted that from the conception of the projects it is based on the premise that the synergies created between public institutions, grassroots organizations and other territorial links is necessary to achieve concrete progress in implementation, for which the objective ( 17) Alliances to achieve the objectives, cannot be set aside if one seeks to strengthen the process.
Finally, the actions described above converge with participatory reforestation activities in degraded areas of ecological importance, together with community control and monitoring measures of deforestation, degradation and loss of biodiversity, to contribute to the objectives (13) Action for the climate and (15) Life of terrestrial ecosystems, by ensuring the conservation and increase of the natural carbon reservoirs that, ultimately, are those that guarantee the financial sustainability of these types of conservation projects and those that reduce the vulnerability that ecosystems and communities possess under the estimated climate change scenarios.
 For example, the implementation of eco-efficient stove projects that not only mitigate deforestation caused by scattered firewood uses, but also in public health issues improves air quality and therefore quality of life. of the people who do the work in the kitchen, usually women.